How To Fix Hardware Compatibility Issues On Windows 11?

You’ll understand how frustrating it can be if you’ve ever experienced hardware compatibility problems on a Windows 11 PC. These issues, from random system crashes to unresponsive peripherals, can impact your productivity and disrupt your workflow. Don’t worry. Fixing these issues is usually straightforward with the correct guidance. This article will help you understand and resolve hardware compatibility problems on Windows 11.

What is hardware compatibility?

Hardware compatibility problems occur when the hardware components of your computer and peripheral devices do not work properly with the operating system. This can cause a variety of problems, including system instability, malfunctioning devices, and poor performance.

Common Symptoms of Compatibility Issues

Some common symptoms include:

  • Devices that are not recognised by the system
  • The system crashes or freezes frequently.
  • Hardware components that perform poorly
  • Hardware drivers can cause error messages.
  • Compatibility Issues

How To Fix Hardware Compatibility Issues

Windows Device Manager

Windows Device Manager helps you diagnose and fix hardware issues. Click the Start button with your right mouse and choose “Device Manager.” Search for devices that have a yellow exclamation point, which indicates a problem.

Windows 11 System Requirements Check

Windows 11 requires that your hardware meet the minimum requirements. Microsoft’s website is the best place to find out what hardware you need.

Windows Compatibility Checker

Microsoft offers a compatibility tool to scan your system and identify any potential problems. This tool can be downloaded and used to detect any compatibility issues before upgrading to Windows 11.

Common hardware compatibility problems

Incompatible drivers

Drivers are the bridge that connects your operating system to hardware. Incompatible drivers or outdated ones can cause a variety of issues, ranging from malfunctioning devices to system crashes.

Firmware/BIOS Outdated

The BIOS/UEFI is required to initialise hardware components at boot time. Incompatible firmware can cause compatibility problems with updated hardware and operating systems.

Unsupported peripheral devices

Windows 11 may not be compatible with some older peripherals, making them incompatible.

Fixing driver problems

Automatic Driver Update

Windows 11 will automatically update your drivers. Check for updates by going to Settings > Update and Security > Windows Update. This method is simple and can often fix driver-related problems.

Manually updating drivers

Manually updating drivers is an option if automatic updates do not work. Download the latest driver from the manufacturer’s site and install it.

Third-party driver update tools

You can update your outdated drivers using a variety of third-party tools. Driver Booster, Snappy Driver Installer, and other tools can help you with this.

Fixing BIOS/UEFI Firmware Issues

Checking firmware updates

Visit the website of your motherboard’s manufacturer to check for BIOS/UEFI upgrades. Download the correct model version.

Updating BIOS/UEFI in a Safe and Secure Way

If not done correctly, updating BIOS/UEFI is risky. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s directions and have a stable power source.

Reset BIOS settings to default.

Resetting the BIOS to its default settings may help if you have made changes that are causing problems. This option can be found in the BIOS/UEFI menu.

How to deal with peripheral devices that are not supported

Identifying Devices Not Supported

On the website of the manufacturer, check if your peripherals have been listed as compatible. You may have compatibility problems if you don’t.

Alternative Devices

Consider a compatible, newer alternative if a particular device isn’t supported.

Compatibility mode

You can run the driver in compatibility mode for older peripherals. Click on the driver file and select “Properties,”  then “Compatibility” to choose an older Windows version.

Optimising system settings for compatibility

Adjusting power settings

The wrong power settings can lead to hardware problems. Select “High Performance” in Control Panel > Power Options to ensure that all hardware components are receiving adequate power.

Configuring hardware resources in BIOS/UEFI

Check the manual for specific settings related to your hardware. Consult the manual to find out what settings are specific to your hardware.

Troubleshooting Windows

Windows 11 comes with several tools that automatically fix common problems. To access these tools, go to Settings > Update and Security > Troubleshoot.

How to prevent future compatibility issues

Regular system maintenance

Maintain your computer by performing regular maintenance such as disc cleaning, defragmentation, and virus scanning.

Update drivers and firmware.

Install and update drivers and firmware regularly to avoid future compatibility problems.

Using Compatible Hardware

Check the specifications of new hardware to ensure that it is compatible with Windows 11.

Advanced Troubleshooting Techniques

Cleaning Boot

Windows will start with the minimum set of drivers and programs. This will help you identify any background programmes that are causing compatibility problems.

System Restore

Use System Restore if you have recently made changes to your system that caused compatibility problems.

Reinstalling Windows 11

Reinstalling Windows 11 as a last resort can fix persistent compatibility problems. Backup your data first.

Seeking professional help

Contacting Support

It may be necessary to seek professional assistance if you are unable to resolve the compatibility issue on your own.

Finding reliable technicians

To ensure quality service, look for technicians who are certified or service centres that have good reviews.

Using online forums and communities

Tech forums and online communities are valuable resources to troubleshoot and find solutions for compatibility issues.

Benefits of Resolving Compatibility Issues

Improved Performance

Solving compatibility problems can improve the overall performance of your system.

Improved stability and reliability

A system that is free from compatibility issues will be more reliable and stable and reduce the risk of data loss and crashes.

Improved User Experience

Smooth, compatible systems provide a better experience for the user, allowing them to concentrate on their tasks without interruption.

Case Studies

Examples of real-life compatibility issues and solutions

Discover real-life cases of users who faced compatibility issues and how they resolved them.


Windows 11 hardware compatibility problems can be frustrating, but they are easily manageable with the correct approach. Understanding the root cause, using the correct tools, and updating your system will ensure that you have a smooth computing experience.

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How can I check if my hardware is compatible?

Use Windows Device Manager to check the system requirements, then run the Windows Compatibility Checker.

Can old drivers cause compatibility issues?

It is true that outdated drivers can lead to a variety of problems, including unrecognised devices and system instability.

How frequently should I update the BIOS/UEFI firmware on my computer?

Checking for updates at least every three months or whenever you experience hardware problems is a good idea.

Is it possible to fix compatibility problems automatically?

Tools like Snappy Driver Installation and Driver Booster can automatically update drivers to fix compatibility problems.

How can I fix my device if it is not compatible with Windows 11?

Consider using an alternate device or running the driver in compatibility mode if the device you are trying to use isn’t supported. 

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